Guitar Lesson – Music Theory Part 3 – Major (Pain), Minor (Inconvenience)

So far, we’ve talked about the major scale which has a W-W-H-W-W-W-H pattern.

You can imagine that you can take this pattern and start in a different position.

So let’s try that with the C (Major) Scale:

   C   D   E   F   G   A   B   C

     W   W   H   W   W   W   H

What if we started this on A instead?

                       A   B   C   D   E   F   G   A

                         W   H   W   W   H   W   W

Now the pattern becomes:  W-H-W-W-H-W-W  (and we get the Minor Scale).

This is also called “relative minor” and “relative major”.  

In other words, the C Major Scale is “related” to the “A Minor Scale”.

This chart is sometimes called the “Circle of Fifths“.  Because as you go clockwise, the next note is the 5th of the previous one.

But what if we looked at the C Major Scale vs C Minor Scale?

        1  2  4  5  8
major:  C  D  F  G  C
minor:  C  D  Eb F  G  Ab Bb

Not only can you build another scale using the same pattern starting at a different position.  But when you look at the patterns side-by-side starting with the same note, you’ll notice that some notes from the two scales are the same while others are different.

In this case, the major and minor scales differ on the 3rd, 6th, and the 7th notes.

This will make more sense when we go back and look at chords.

About ckyoungmusic

Guitarist ♪ Songwriter ♪ Instructor ♪ Nice Guy ♪ Music for the Soul | Rock | Country | Blues | Pop | Folk | Funk

Posted on September 2, 2009, in Guitar Lessons, Music Theory, Triads. Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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